Cardiology & Vascular Research

Abstract

The Peri-Partum Cardiomyopathy in the Cardiology Department of Chu Gabriel Touré of Bamako

Menta I, Ba HO, Coulibaly S, Bagayogo D, Sangare I, Traore D, Thiam C4, Diall IB, Camara Y, Sidibe S3, Diakite M, Konate M, Sanogo KM.

Aim: To study the prevalence of peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) in the cardiology department of Gabriel Touré University Hospital Center in Bamako.

Material and Methods: This was a retrospective study, conducted over a 5-year period, from January 2011 to December 2015 and included all women hospitalized for either congestive heart failure or left-sided heart failure in the cardiology department of CHU Gabriel Touré.

Results: From January 2011 to December 2015, 1933 patients were hospitalized in the cardiology department of CHU Gabriel Touré. Among them, 1154 women with heart failure, including 132 cases of peripartum cardiomyopathy, a prevalence of 6.8% of hospitalizations and 11.4% of women hospitalized for heart failure.

Conclusion: Peripartum heart failure is a particular impaired maintenance due to its target population (reproductive age and chilbearing women) and its context. Its support requires close collaboration between several specialists. Its prevention can be considered if the management of certain factors such as anemia and malnutrition is effective in this target population during antenatal consultations. Good coverage of family planning could be beneficial for the prevention and management of recurrence.